A Grade Level Overview of the Math Common Core Standards for Elementary Students

The national shift to the Common Core Standards has restructured the skills and knowledge elementary students are to master at each grade level. The new standards require students deeply understand fewer concepts per grade level and place emphasis on the mathematical process. 

Kindergarten 

  • Whole Numbers Students will name and compare numbers, count objects, and model joining and separating situations. They will understand the basic concepts of addition, subtraction, and place value. 
  • Measurement and Geometry Students will describe and compare attributes, classify and count objects, and identify and describe shapes. They will understand how to create basic shapes.

First Grade

  • Addition and Subtraction Students will add and subtract to 20, represent and solve addition and subtraction problems, and apply operational properties.  They will understand basic equations and different ways of solving problems.
  • Whole Numbers and Place Value Students will extend a counting sequence, identify place value, and compare numbers to 100. They will understand how place value is essential to adding and subtracting.
  • Measurement and Geometry Students will measure length, write and tell time, and manipulate shapes. They will understand how to interpret data and the attributes of plane and solid shapes.

Second Grade

  • Algebraic Thinking Students will solve addition and subtraction problems up to 1000 and extend their knowledge of the base-ten system to 1000. They will understand the foundational properties of addition and subtraction.
  • Number and Operations Students will apply properties of place value to addition and subtraction problems to 1000. They will understand place value and its effect on addition and subtraction problems.
  • Data, Measurement, and Geometry Students will estimate and measure lengths in inches and centimeters, apply properties of addition and subtraction to length, and work with money and time. They will understand how plane and solid shapes can be combined and decomposed.

Third Grade

  • Algebraic Thinking Students will solve multiplication and division problems of whole numbers within 100 and use the four operations to solve problems. They will understand arithmetic patterns.
  • Number and Operations Students will use place value to complete multi-digit arithmetic problems and will be able to identify and analyze unit fractions.  They will understand the relation of fractions to whole numbers.
  • Data, Measurement, and Geometry Students will estimate and measure time, mass, and liquid volume, calculate perimeter and area, and relate geometric attributes to multiplication and division. They will understand the similarities and differences of 2D shapes’ attributes.

Fourth Grade

  • Algebraic Thinking Students will solve multi-digit multiplication and division problems and calculate multiples and factors. They will understand how to analyze and generate complex patterns.
  • Number and Operations Students will use place value to complete multi-digit arithmetic problems, build fractions, and calculate equivalent fractions. They will understand fraction ordering, equivalence, and the relation to decimals.
  • Data, Measurement, and Geometry Students will draw and identify angles and lines, categorize and classify shapes by their lines and angles, and convert measurements. They will understand the relation of lines and angles to a shapes’ additional attributes.

Fifth Grade

  • Algebraic Thinking Students will interpret and compose numerical expressions including all four operations, fractions, and decimals. They will understand how to analyze and generate complex patterns and mathematical relationships.
  • Number and Operations Students will solve problems involving addition and subtraction of like and unlike fractions. They will understand the relation of addition and subtraction of fractions to multiplication and division.
  • Data, Measurement, and Geometry Students will convert measurements within 3D shapes, graph specific points on a coordinate plane, and classify geometric figures. They will understand the specific attributes of a 3D shape’s volume.

How do these Common Core expectations match the ability and understanding of your current student(s)?

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