DreamBox supports parents in their commitment to their child’s math education,
suggesting math games and fun everyday activities to explore with young children.
At this age, kids are using numbers and quantitative methods in more advanced ways.
They now have a repertoire of basic addition and subtraction combinations that they
can use as tools in computing. They understand subtraction as the inverse of addition.
Because they can better understand space and quantity, a broader range of mathematical
ideas become more accessible. And a major developmental shift occurs when beginning multiplication.
Find ways to practice number operations
- Practice counting down from any double-digit number. For example, use a calendar
to count down the number of days to an upcoming event.
- Prepare for multiplication by helping your child think in groups. Ask “how
many fingers do five people have?”
- Try a variation on the card game “War.” When the higher card takes the
lower card, subtract the lower number from the higher number, and the player who
won that play wins those points.
- Give your child the change in your pocket and ask how many different ways she
can make 25 cents.
- Play a variation on the game “Go Fish.” Instead of asking for cards
with numbers that match, players take turns asking for cards that, added to the
card she has, adds up to 10. Count face cards as zero, aces as 1’s.
Find ways to develop reasoning skills
- If your child knows that 4 quarters is 1 dollar, can he figure out what 6 quarters is?
- Ask your child to estimate the height of a tree by estimating how much higher
it might be than an 8’ fence next to it.
Find ways to collect and organize information
- Read sports score tables, weather charts, and other common numerical information
you find in the news.
- As you’re shopping, compare the amounts in the Nutrition Facts on packaged
foods or the amounts in various containers of similar products.
- Take measurements for a project around the house. How many inches are there?
How many feet? How many yards?
Some family games that help develop math skills:
- At this age kids are developing more complex ways of reasoning — they like
strategic thinking games like checkers, chess, Monopoly, and Clue.
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